Particle Physicists Create Artificial Atoms For Research Purposes

Particle Physicists Create Artificial Atoms For Research Purposes

The results of the PiHe experiment so far are therefore an intermediate step on the way to an even more precise determination of the mass of the pion. This new experiment requires a lower density target to study the collision effects caused by other helium atoms, and other, more narrow atomic transitions will be also probed by the PiHe collaboration. It was in 1947 when the British physicist Cecil Powell and colleagues discovered a new particle – the pion – in the upper earth’s atmosphere. This particle is created when cosmic rays from the vastness of the universe hit the Earth’s atmosphere. Three years after the discovery of the pion, Powell received the Nobel Prize.


We discovered and characterized reversible switches based on bond formation between a metal atom and a molecule , cyclization in radicals and switching atomic charge states and adsorption geometries . In addition to conducting applied research for developing the novel, energy-efficient transistor, the team are also exploring fundamental questions in physics. For instance, they have observed that a single atom’s conductivity is not a fixed quantity; rather, it depends on the atom’s environment and its structural organisation in a collective with other atoms.

Simple Atomic Quantum Memory Suitable For Semiconductor Quantum Dot Single Photons

We also perform density functional theory calculations to elucidate the physical origins of the contrast observed. The calculations reveal that the Pauli repulsion is the source of the atomic resolution and yield insights into the important role of the tip functionalization . Astronomical and physical calculations suggest that the visible universe is only a tiny amount (4%) of what the universe is actually made of. A very large fraction of the universe, in fact 26%, is made of an unknown type of matter called “dark matter”.

  • Using tailored magnetic potentials generated by current-carrying wires on the chip, they perform experiments on the quantum physics of atomic Bose-Einstein condensates .
  • The unexpected findings raise new questions about the exact microscopic mechanisms by which a weak continuous green light can put some gold atoms into motion.
  • The ratio between voltage and energy consumption is exponential rather than proportional.
  • To begin its work, the Centre of Atomic Scale Technologies is using initial Foundation funding to create 14 positions for PhD candidates and postdocs, and to purchase additional equipment to analyse and optimise nano-components.
  • However, because of the large number of components in modern integrated circuits, such simulations have to rely on approximations and are not always reliable.

Each pair of neighboring atoms oscillated like two masses linked by a spring, and this oscillation was synchronous across the entire illuminated region. To conserve energy during this process, a light of a new color is emitted, shifted toward the red of the spectrum. Standard chips are energy guzzlers compared to the single-atom optical switch. In an effort to circumvent this limitation, researchers are engineering metallic nano-antennas that concentrate light into a tiny volume to dramatically enhance any signal coming from the same nanoscale region. Nano-antennas are the backbone of nanoplasmonics, a field that is profoundly impacting biosensing, photochemistry, solar energy harvesting, and photonics.

Molecule Synthesis By Atom Manipulation

The research alliance between Zurich and Karlsruhe is now united in the new Centre of Atomic Scale Technologies. Although the collaboration has only recently begun, the research groups involved were predestined for the task at hand. Thomas Schimmel is a pioneer of electronic circuits at the level of the atom, and Jürg Leuthold has demonstrated in his past research that photonic switches are possible at the atomic level. Moreover, Leuthold was the first researcher able to place both optical and electronic switching elements on the same chip. The tiny chip is also a modulator that can transform electrical signals into light signals and vice-versa—an extremely useful feature for transmitting data in fibre optic cables.

Some of them joined together years ago in the PiHe collaborationwith the goal of determining the mass and other properties of the pion as accurately as possible. Beside the PSI the Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics and CERN are involved in the PiHe collaboration. Recently the PiHe researchers published their latest findings in the journal ‘Nature’. Schimmel is convinced that the single-atom transistor has the potential to revolutionise the digital world in another way, too.

Scientists at EPFL discover that laser-driven rearrangement of just a few gold atoms inside nanoscale antennas can be observed by the naked eye. This community workshop will build upon one organised two years ago , which also reviewed the cold atom experiment landscape for space. This event will bring together the cold atom, astrophysics, cosmology, fundamental physics, and earth observation communities to shape this development programme. Quantum systems are hard to pin down, as any measurement will also influence the system being observed. Therefore, the researchers were unable to track the precession continuously; its movement would have been changed too drastically.

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