Science and Technology – From time to time the development of science and technology is increasingly advanced and developing. Even its existence cannot be separated from daily human activities in survival. In Indonesia itself, the development of science and technology is quite significant, marked by progress in various important sectors.
Well, in this material, we will discuss the development of science and technology in the country. In what fields is the development of science and technology stretched? Here’s the explanation!
Indonesian aerospace pioneer B.J Habibie built the first aircraft for Indonesia, namely the N-250 Gatotkaca. In addition, several IPTN products that have succeeded include the NC-212-100, Nbell-412 Helicopter, and the NAS-332 Super Puma.
Communication and Transportation Technology
The second development of Indonesian science and technology is in the field of communication and transportation technology. In marking Indonesia’s development in this field is the launch of the state-owned satellite, the Palapa Satellite in 1976.
With this satellite, many technological developments exist, such as the smooth coverage of broadcasts and the emergence of TV (TVRI) and radio (RRI) broadcasts that are able to reach all corners of Indonesia. Not only that, but the coverage of Indonesian telephones is also getting smoother. Many predict that Indonesia has succeeded in becoming the first developing country to develop a satellite for inter-regional communication.
The development of satellites reaches the ASEAN region and Papua New Guinea, so it is not only Indonesia that can take advantage of this satellite. The first satellite developed was the strategy (Palapa A and Palapa B) until 1983. After that, the government launched the next satellite, namely the 2nd generation satellite (Palapa A and Palapa B) until the 3rd generation, namely the C1 and C2 generations, then became the Telkom satellite.
The third development of science and technology in Indonesia is the green revolution. In its development, Indonesia became a self-sufficient country with excellent agricultural development with programs run by the government. The program is Panca Usaha Tani or five farming businesses.
The Panca Usaha Tani consists of techniques for processing agricultural land, regulating irrigation, fertilizing, eradicating pests, and using superior seeds.
The positive impacts of this green revolution include increased rice and wheat production so that food fulfillment increases. One example of the Indonesian nation itself is Indonesia, which used to be a rice importer to become self-sufficient in rice.
However, the existence of this green revolution is not without its drawbacks. This is because this also has a negative impact due to a decrease in biodiversity, a decrease in protein production, excessive use of pesticides, and the dependence of plants on fertilizers.